||360-degree feedback is an appraisal process whereby an individual is rated on his or her performance by people who know something about the individualís work. This can include direct reports, peers, managers, customers or clients; in fact, anybody who is credible to the individual and is familiar with his or her work can be included in the feedback process. The individual usually completes a self-assessment exercise on his or her performance, which is also used in the process.
||plans allow employees to receive cash or have employer contributions from profit-sharing and stock-bonus plans placed into a deferred account.
||AA (Affirmative Action) is a program by which employers identify imbalances in the composition of their work force and take positive steps to correct under-representation of protected groups.
||Ability tests are designed to determine a person's capacity to learn or acquire skills (also known as aptitude or achievement tests).
||Absenteeism refers to time lost when employees do not come to work as scheduled.
||Absolute ratings is a rating method where the rater assigns a specific value on a fixed scale to the behavior or performance of an individual instead of assigning ratings based on comparisons between other individuals.
||Absorption level is the rate at which a trainee reaches understanding regarding new information.
||Abstract reasoning is a process of perceiving issues and reaching conclusions through the use of symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information.
||Accident is an undesired event that results in physical harm to a person or damage to property.
||Accountability is a responsibility placed on an individual or group for their own or othersí actions, conduct, performance, projects, etc.
||Accreditation is a process of external quality review and certification by a recognized body that evaluates individuals, colleges, universities and educational programs to assure they are performing the functions that they claim to be performing in a comp
||Achievement test is a standardized testing instrument used to measure how much an individual has learned or what skills he or she has attained as a result of education, training or past experience.
||Acquisition is a process of acquiring control of another corporation by purchase or stock exchange.
||Action research is a process of collecting data about the organization and using it to make organizational decisions.
||Active learning is a process of learning new knowledge, skills and behaviors through taking specific actions or performing specific tasks.
||Ad hoc arbitrators
||Ad hoc arbitrators are used on a case-by-case basis.
||ADA is Americans with Disability Act of 1990, is a federal anti-discrimination law which prohibits private employers, state and local governments, employment agencies and labor unions from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training and other terms, conditions and privileges of employment. This law (covering employers with 15 or more employees) is designed to remove barriers that prevent qualified individuals with disabilities from enjoying the same employment opportunities that are available to persons without disabilities. When an individual's disability creates a barrier to employment opportunities, the ADA requires employers to consider whether a reasonable accommodation could remove the barrier.
||ADEA is Age Discrimination in Employement Act of 1967, protects workers age 40 and over by prohibiting discrimination against workers 40 and over in any employment or employment-related decision. The Act applies to most employers with 20 or more employees. One of the main provisions of the Act is that employers, with very few exceptions, can no longer force an employee to retire.
||Adult learner are individuals who are beyond postsecondary education age, are employed on a full- or part-time basis and are enrolled in a formal or informal educational program.
||Adverse action is any act by an employer that results in an individual or group of individuals being deprived of equal employment opportunities.